Grape Varietals

White Grape Varietals

Red Grape Varietals

MORE GRAPE VARIETALS TO COME!

= Grape grows in cool climate

 

= Grape grows in warm climate

White Grape Varieties

 

Chardonnay

 

CHARACTER IN COLD CLIMATE

 

Tight, sparse, citrusy, minerally influenced & dry in all of her movies.

 

AROMAS

Apple, Pear, High Acidity

 

GROWING REGION

Chablis, Burgundy, Champagne (France)

 

 

 

CHARACTER IN WARM CLIMATE

 

Fat, deep-yellow, rich like Rebel Wilson as Fat Amy in Pitch Perfect

 

AROMAS

Buttery, Nutty, Honey and Barrique (oak adds Tastes of Vanilla, Caramel and Smoke, low Acidity

 

GROWING REGION

Carneros AVA, Alexander Valley, Napa Valley, Monterey County, Sonoma County, Central Coast (California), Chile, Hunter Region & Victoria (Australia), Hawke's Bay & Wairarapa (New Zealand)

 

Chenin Blanc

 
 

CHARACTER

 

Vibrant acidic, light-bodied, comes in all forms like Miley Cyrus on her Bangerz tour.  

 

AROMAS

Pear, honey, passion fruit, ginger

 

GROWING REGION

Loire Valley (France): produce dry to seet Chenin Blanc

South Africa (they call it Steen): produce only dry

Also used for sparkling wines called Crémant de Loire (Loire Valley) and Crémant de Limoux (Languedoc, France)

Sauvignon Blanc

 

CHARACTER

 

Crisp, fresh, fruity like Jennifer Lawrence in real life

 

AROMAS COLD CLIMATE

Citrusy (lemon), Freshly mowed grass, green bell pepper

 

 

GROWING REGION

Sancerre, Pouilly sur Loire & Bordeaux (France)

 

AROMAS IN WARM CLIMATE

Tropical (grapefruit, pineapple), Lime, Lemongrass

 

GROWING REGION

Marlborough (Australia) , New Zealand, South Africa, Chile, California

 

Pinot Grigio

 

CHARACTER

 

Refreshing, light, brisk, lively, fruity just like Emma Stone in Easy A

 

AROMAS

Lemon, Apple, Pear, Nectarine, Peach

 

GROWING REGION

Italy (dry), France (meatier, honey), California (fruity), Oregon (fruity)

 

CHARACTER

 

Light, fresh, crisp, racy, sharp like Sarah Chalke from Scrubs speaking

German fluently....and aggressively.

 

AROMAS IN COLD CLIMATE

Light, Crisp, Tart, Low Alcohol Content, Lemony, Minerally 

Rich, sweet, fruity, thick, raisiny (from 

 

COOL ROWING REGION

Mosel & Pfalz (Northern Germany), Alsace (France)

 

AROMAS IN WARMER CLIMATE 

Rich, sweet, fruity, thick, raisiny deep golden (Rheingau in Germany)

 

WARM GROWING REGION

Clare Valley & Eden Valley (South Australia)

Riesling

this is achieved through Beerenauslese

and Trockenbeerenauslese (I'll explain later)

 

Verdejo

 

CHARACTER

 

Crsip, delicate, soft, creamy like Enrique Iglesias in his music clip HERO 

 

AROMAS

Lemon, citrus notes, fennel, anise

 

GROWING REGION

Rioja & Ribera del Duero (called Rueda region, located in North-West Spain)

 

Wines named Rueda: Contain 50% Verdejo, rest is Sauvignon Blanc & Macabeo

Marsanne

 

CHARACTER

 

Rich and Nutty like the like Will Smith as our fresh Prince of Bel Air.

 

AROMAS

Melon, Pear, Nut, Spice, Quince, Honey

 

GROWING REGION

Rhône (France), Victoria (Australia), Central Coast (California), Switzerland, Spain

Moscato

 

CHARACTER

 

like Cameron in modern family.Pure, floral, sometimes slightly fizzy & flirtatious

 

AROMAS

Peach, Nectarine, Lemon, Rose, Jasmine, Orange Blossom

 

GROWING REGION

Moscato d'Asti (Sparkling) from Italy, Muscat of Alexandria (Desert Wine) from the Rhône Valley (France), Austria, Australia, USA

Gewürztraminer

 

CHARACTER

 

Powerful, Tropical, Exotic & Sweet like Tom Hanks in Cast Away.

 

AROMAS

Lychee, Grapefruit, Pineapple, HIgh Alcohol Content, Lower Acidity

 

GROWING REGION

Baden & Pfalz (Germany), Alsace (France), Austria, Hungary, Romania, Clare Valley (Australia), East coast of New Zealand, South of Chile

Bigger brother of sister Moscato, just a little bit more grown up

Grüner Veltliner

 

CHARACTER

 

Refreshing, Dry, Full-bodied & Peppery like Christina Hendricks from Mad Men

 

AROMAS

Lime, Lemon Grapefruit, Peach, White Pepper, Dill, Spicy, HIgh Acidity

 

GROWING REGION

Wachau, Kremstal & Kamptal (Austria), Czech Republic, Sopron (Hungary), Central Otago (Southern New Zealand), California

Sémillon

 

CHARACTER

 

Round, Oily, Elegant, Concentrated like Jonah Hill and Channing Tatum in suits

 

AROMAS IN COOLER CLIMATE

Grass, Flower, Lemon, Green Apple, Pear

 

COOL GROWING REGION

Hunter Valley (Australia), Bergerac & Bordeaux (France)

 

AROMAS IN WARM CLIMATE

Mango, Peach, Pineapple, Papaya, Honey

 

WARM GROWING REGION

California, Steenberg (South Africa), Argentina, South Australia

Sémillon is ALSO used for Sauternes:

A Bordeaux Desert White Wine Blend: Sémillon + Sauvignon Blanc + Muscadelle

Viognier

 

CHARACTER

 

Full-bodied, lush, soft, like Melissa McCarthy as Tammy in Tammy.

 

AROMAS

Ripe Peaches, Lychee, White Rose, Honeysuckle, Mineral

 

GROWING REGION

Rhône Valley (France), Central Coast (California), Argentina, Chile, Eden Valley, Murray River, McLaren Valley, barossa Valley, Adelaide Hills, Yarra Valley (Australia)

Red Grape Varieties

 

Pinot Noir

 

CHARACTER

 

Delicate, deep, sensual like Kim Kardashian in Kanye West's Music Video Bound2

 

AROMAS

Raspberry, Strawberry, Cherry, Nutmeg, little tannin

 

GROWING REGION

Burgundy & Champagne (France), GERMANY, Austria, Oregon & California, New Zealand

 

 

Cabernet Sauvignon

 

CHARACTER

 

Strong, meaty, herby, even a little stern like Lady Gaga in her meat dress at the VMAs

 

AROMAS

Black and red currant, green peppers (colder regions), vanilla, tobacco, chocolate, high acidity, lots of tannins

 

GROWING REGION

Médoc (France), Coonawara (Australia), Napa Valley (California), Chile and Argentina, worldwide

 

Merlot

 

CHARACTER

 

Soft, round, fruity, easy accessible, velvety like Lindsay Lohan in her druggy yolo years

 

AROMAS

Red currant, Cherry, Raspberry, Blueberry, Blackberry, Vanilla, soft feel

 

GROWING REGION

Bordeaux (France), New World, Switzerland & worldwide

Syrah

 

CHARACTER

 

Velvety, fully, spicy, concentrated like Raj Koothrappali in Big Bang Theory

 

AROMAS IN WARM CLIMATE

Raspberry, Blueberry, Blackberry, Cinnamon, Musket, Bitter Chocolate, Bacon, Softer tannins, Peppermint, Full Body

 

GROWING REGION

Barossa Valley (Australia), South Africa, Chile, Paso Robles, Napa Valley (California)

 

AROMAS IN COLD CLIMATE

Strong tannins, High Acidity, Boysenberry, Olive, Black Pepper, Mint, Light Body

 

GROWING REGION

Rhône Valley (Southern France), Walla Walla AVA (Washington Stat), Santa Ynez & Sonoma County (California)

 

Grenache

 

CHARACTER

 

Soft, spicy, jammy fruit rolled-up, so pale that its often blended (mixed) with other grape friends like Ed Sheeran and Taylor Swift singing "Everything Has Changed" 

 

AROMAS

Rasperry, Strawberry, White Pepper, Cinnamon, Violets, Rose, Low Tannins, Low Acidity, High Alcohol Content

 

GROWING REGIONS

Châteauneuf du Pape (France), Southern Spain, Australia, California

 

grenache is ALSO used for GSM Blends:

A Rhone Red Wine Blends: grenache + Syrah + Mourvedre

CHARACTER

 

Ripe, plush, lush & round like Seth Rogen in Jimmy Fallon's "EW!"

 

AROMAS

Plum, Blackberry, Blueberry, Violets, Robust Tannins, 

 

GROWING REGION

Mendoza (Argentina), South-West/ Bordeaux (France), Chile, South Australia, 

Malbec

 

 

Nebbiolo 

 

CHARACTER

 

Delicate, sensitive, needs time to age, highest quality vintages need significant age like freakin George Clooney giving his (I love Amal-) speech at the Golden Globes 2015

 

AROMAS

Woodsmoke, Violets, Tar, Herbs, Cherrie, Truffles, Tobacco, Prunes, High Acidity

 

GROWING REGION

Barolo & Barbaresco (towns in Piemonte, Italy), California, Oregon & Washington (USA), Western Australia

Primitivo (Italia)/ Zinfandel (USA)

 

CHARACTER

 

Jammy, bold, spicy with a tobacco-like smokey finish like...oh just watch the video.

 

AROMAS

Rasperry, Blackberry, Boysenberry, Anise, Pepper, Moderate Tannins, High Acidity

 

Growing Regions

Puglia (heel of Italy's boot), Paso Robles AVA in San Luis Obispo County, Napa Valley AVA, Dry Creek Valley AVA in Sonoma County, Lodi (all in California, USA), Croatia

CHARACTER

 

Chameleonic (to the climate), body can range from frim & elegant to pushy & robust like the girls of Sex and the City in the very very very long extended closet dress up scene.

 

AROMAS

Sour Cherry, Tomato, Prune, Tobacco, Tea Leaf, Chestnut, Fig, Clay, Thyme, High Tannins, High Acidity

 

GROWING REGION

Montalcino & Montepulciano (Toscana, Italy), Corsica, McLaren Vale (Australia), California

Sangiovese

 

 

Sangiovese is ALSO used for Chianti:

An Italian Red Wine Blend: Sangiovese + Cabeernet Suavignon + Merlot

Tempranillo

 

CHARACTER

 

Sappy, fresh, vegetal, masculine & leathery like Jason Bateman, Jason Sudeikis, Ed Helmsand and Will Forte in Mumford & Sons song Hopeless Wanderer.

 

AROMAS

Cherry, Tomato, Fresh Tobacco Leafs, Plum, Vanilla, Toast, Lycorice

 

GROWING REGION

Douro Valley (Portugal), Rioja (Spain), Languedoc (Southern France), Victoria (Australia)

Tempranillo is ALSO used for Rioja Wines:

A Spanish Red Wine Blend: Tempranillo + Grenache